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 $ mapfile -d $'\0' arr < <(find /path/to -print0)

Feb. 18, 2019, 7:48 p.m.Janos

Explanation

mapfile (also known as readarray) reads lines from the standard input an array variable.

-d is to specify a line delimiter instead of the default newline. Here we used $'\0', which means ASCII NUL character (character code 0), to match with -print0 used with find. It's clear that the delimiter used by find and mapfile must match for the command to make sense. Using the null character is a good idea, because it can never appear in UNIX filenames.

It's crucial that mapfile reads the content from a process substitution with < <(...), and not from a pipe. This will NOT work:

find /path/to -print0 | mapfile -d $'\0' arr

The above will not work, because commands in a pipeline run in a sub-shell, and as such arr would not be visible after the pipeline terminates. This is a key piece that the process substitution solves, by running in the current process.

Finally, an example to loop over the contents of arr safely:

for path in "${arr[@]}"; do ...; done

Limitations

mapfile and readarray are features of Bash 4.